Estimaciones de usuarios GNU/Linux en el mundo

¡Muy bueno! Yo también creo que esas estadísticas de menos del 1% están erradas. Hay varios países que tienen como política pública incluso el usar SOs libres, en particular GNU/Linux. Creo que por lo menos más del 1% sí debe ser. Alguna vez vi, en otra estadística, no recuerdo dónde, que era un poco menos que los usuarios de Mac, algo así como 2% GNU/Linux, 5% Mac y 93% Windows –lamentablemente. Hay que registrarnos, pero –sobre decir– ¡hay que seguir promoviendo más conversos (gente que se cambie a GNU/Linux). Hablando de esto último, les recomiendo que a quien quieran convencer le pasen la liga

http://www.obtengalinux.org

pues viene muy bien explicado lo básico de por qué hay que cambiarse a GNU/Linux.

Por cierto, supongo que conocen el otro proyecto, mucho más viejo, de contador de usuarios y computadoras con GNU/Linux

http://counter.li.org/

yo ya estoy registrado ahí y sé que varios en esta lista también. Si tomamos el dato que viene ahí de 133,168 computadoras registradas y la aproximación de la otra página
(http://www.dudalibre.com/gnulinuxcounter) de 1,000,000,000 de computadoras existentes a nivel mundial, nos da un total combinado de

0.0133%

de usuarios GNU/Linux en el mundo. Pero esto es una proporción muy baja, pues ese en base a los usuarios REGISTRADOS en el GNU/Linux counter project. Una mejor estimación, con base en este dato y explicada en

http://counter.li.org/estimates.php

es que en base a los 125,742 usuarios registrados en el contador –a la fecha de hoy–, es que hay aproximadamente 29 MILLONES de usuarios GNU/Linux. Usando esta misma proporción para la aproximación de los resultados, pero para el número de máquinas registradas, si tenemos 133,168 máquinas con GNU/Linux REGISTRADAS, esto nos da un aproximado de

30,712,665

o, aproximadamente 30 MILLONES de máquinas con GNU/Linux en el mundo. Volviendo a meter este dato en el estimado de mil millones de computadoras en el mundo, tenemos aproximadamente

3% DE USUARIOS GNU/LINUX EN EL MUNDO

lo cual parece una figura más realista –aunque con un considerable margen de error, cabe decir–.

Saludos.

Fermín FM

Visita mi blog: http://www.ferminfranco.wordpress.com
Sígueme en Identica: http://www.identi.ca/ferminfm
Sígueme en twitter: http://www.twitter.com/ferminfm

El 07/10/10 11:21, Javier Gonzalez Ibarra escribió:
> Que tal,
>
>
>
> Apoyemos para demostrar que GNU/Linux supera mas del 1% que todos dicen en > la población mundial
>
>
>
> Solo es registrar tu correo, pais y distribución.
>
>
>
> Aquí les dejo la liga:
>
> http://www.dudalibre.com/gnulinuxcounter
>
>
>
> Saludos.
>
> _______________________________________________
> Lista mailing list
> Lista@elug.ciberlinux.net
> http://elug.ciberlinux.net/mailman/listinfo/lista
>

Teoremas, definiciones, ejemplos, etc. en español con AMS-Latex en Lyx

Desde hace un tiempo soy usuario de Lyx, un procesador de texto WYSIWYM basado en LaTeX, pero casi WYSIWYG gracias a que es un híbrido dirigido a principiantes de LaTeX o, simplemente, a hacer más fácil la vida trabajando con TeX. En particular, requiero escribir contenido matemático y, para ello, me es muy útil el paquete AMS LaTeX que existe para LyX, pues con él puedes escribir fácilmente teoremas, definiciones, ejemplos, corolarios, etc. numerados o sin numerar, automáticamente y con un excelente y elegante formato. Sin embargo, tenía un problema, y es que el paquete AMS LaTeX, no por nada de la American Mathematical Society, está hecho para escribir en inglés y, más frecuentemente, requiero escribir en español. El problema era entonces que los títulos de los ambientes, ya en el pdf, me aparecían en inglés (theorem, corollary, definition, etc.) en vez de en español como, de hecho, sí aparecen en LyX (creo que gracias a al paquete babel, que por lo demás traduce muy bien el resto de los ambientes). Había estado lidiando con este problema por un rato, y todas las soluciones que había encontrado eran para usuarios de LaTeX puro, pero no estaban claras para los usuarios de LyX y no lo había podido arreglar, hasta hoy. En los foros de LaTeX community, encontré un hilo donde se plantea una solución que me sirvió casi tal cual, con una pequeña modificación. La solución consiste en modificar el preámbulo de LaTeX desde LyX (Documento –> Configuración –>Preámbulo LaTeX) y añadir unas líneas donde se especifica que hay que intercambiar los nombres por los títulos en español. Para cambiar los títulos de teoremas, definiciones, proposiciones, ejemplos, etc. a mi me quedó así:

\makeatletter
\@namedef{thm}{\@thm{\let \thm@swap \@gobble \th@plain }{thm}{Teorema}}
\@namedef{cor}{\@thm{\let \thm@swap \@gobble \th@plain }{thm}{Corolario}}
\@namedef{defn}{\@thm{\let \thm@swap \@gobble \th@definition }{thm}{Definici\'on}}
\@namedef{prop}{\@thm{\let \thm@swap \@gobble \th@plain }{thm}{Proposici\'on}}
\@namedef{prop*}{\@thm {\th@plain }{}{Proposici\'on}}
\@namedef{example*}{\@thm {\th@definition }{}{Ejemplo}}
\@namedef{xca}{\@thm{\let \thm@swap \@gobble \th@definition }{thm}{Ejercicio}}
\@namedef{rem*}{\@thm {\th@remark }{}{Observaci\'on}}

En la liga, pueden ver los detalles de el por qué de cada línea. La única añadidura que hice fue eliminar una línea al final, según el texto que proponen en el foro, pues a mi me dió problemas (usando LyX 1.6.5 con babel en Ubuntu 10.04) y no me compilaba.

Espero esto ayude a alguien más que pudiera tener este problema.

Civic CRM

Para tod@s aquell@s que participen en organizaciones de la sociedad civil (OSCs) y que necesiten una herramienta computacional para mejorar su organización, este nuevo software LIBRE, llamado Civic CRM parece muy bueno y prometedor, y libera a las organizaciones no-lucrativas de tener que usar software privativo que limita su libertad de acción y de entendimiento de sus propias bases de datos. Este nuevo software ya fue adoptado por instituciones (ONGs) tan importantes como la Free Software Foundation, Creative Commons y Wikimedia Foundation. Si conocen una asociación civil, espero se lo puedan recomendar para que lo use, ya sea sustituyendo al que usen o por primera vez ayudando a su mejor organización con este software para OSCs. Sobre todo, hay que hacer incapié en la importancia que tiene por el hecho de ser precisamente Software LIBRE, pues cualquier usuari@ (o la misma ONG) es libre de copiarlo, bajarlo, distribuirlo, estudiar cómo funciona, modificarlo, contribuir a su desarrollo, etc. sin tener que pedir permiso de l@s autor@s.

(CiviCRM http://civicrm.org/)

De paso, también piensen seriamente en cambiarse a GNU/Linux, l@s que no lo hayan hecho:

http://www.obtengalinux.org

Saludos. FFM

From: Peter Brown <info>
Date: 2010/4/14
Subject: [FSF] Time for nonprofits to leave proprietary fundraising software systems behind

To: info-press, info-fsf

Time for nonprofits to leave proprietary fundraising software systems behind

(News item at: http://www.fsf.org/news/nonprofit-fundraising-civicrm)

BOSTON, Massachusetts, USA — Wednesday, April 14th, 2010 — The Free
Software Foundation (FSF) today announced that CiviCRM has earned its
recommendation as a fully featured donor and contact management system
for nonprofits. The FSF had highlighted the need for a free software
solution in this area as part of its High Priority Projects campaign
(http://www.fsf.org/campaigns/priority-projects/). With this
announcement, the FSF will also be adopting CiviCRM for its own use, and
actively encouraging other nonprofit organizations to do the same.

(CiviCRM http://civicrm.org/)

Nonprofits have historically relied heavily on proprietary or web-hosted
"software as a service" fundraising software such as Blackbaud’s
Raiser’s Edge or eTapestry. The nonprofit organizations using them are
locked in, have little control over the functionality of the software,
and are dependent on the whims of a single company. Nonprofits also face
costly migration if they wish to switch to a different proprietary
system, never achieving independence. These factors mean that tools
intended to enhance organizations’ effectiveness have actually ended up
restricting their ability to accomplish their social missions.

CiviCRM, however, shares its software code so all organizations can see
how it works, have the option of commissioning anyone to make
customizations to it, and can host it on their own trusted servers.
Since the code and the data format are freely available, using the
system does not mean being locked into it. Because it runs on the free
GNU/Linux operating system, it eliminates the need for another frequent
nonprofit proprietary software dependency — Microsoft Windows.

"The features now offered by CiviCRM will satisfy nonprofits seeking to
organize their relationships with donors, supporters, and the media. In
addition to storing contact information, it handles online fundraising,
event registration, membership management, and personalized paper and
electronic mailings. Best of all, it’s free software distributed under
the GNU Affero General Public License, which means nonprofits can host
it themselves and retain the freedom they need to advance their missions
unfettered," said John Sullivan, FSF’s operations manager.

Free software ideals encouraging sharing and modification have been
central to CiviCRM’s growth. Developer Dave Greenberg explained, "The
CiviCRM project was started by a group of developers and project
managers who had been working together on a proprietary donation
processing application. As folks who were passionate about increasing
the impact and effectiveness of the nonprofits, we came to realize that
there was a need for a CRM application designed from the ground up to
meet the needs of civic sector organizations. From the beginning it was
clear that this should be free software — community driven and
community owned. On a personal level I find the engagement with our
community of users to be intellectually stimulating and rewarding.
Seeing folks with expertise in a particular area step up and contribute
their time and ideas to help improve the product is quite exciting."

In making the switch, the FSF joins other organizations like Amnesty
International, Creative Commons, and the Wikimedia Foundation, who have
also been using CiviCRM.

Executive director Peter Brown described the FSF’s use of the software
and intent to publicize it: "I look forward to encouraging other
nonprofit organizations to escape their current proprietary or ‘software
as a service’ systems and give CiviCRM a try. As a nonprofit, the FSF
manages over 40,000 contacts and 15,000 donation transactions per year,
a book publishing operation, online store, and several advocacy campaign
websites with associated mailing lists — all with free software. A
general purpose donor and contact management system will be the final
piece of the puzzle for charitable organizations looking to operate
using only free software. We plan to publish a guide offering our
experiences as a resource for other nonprofits concerned with the social
implications of their technology."

Nathan Yergler, chief technology officer at Creative Commons, offered
further praise for the software: "CiviCRM is a critical part of Creative
Commons’ infrastructure. We’ve seen the application mature and steadily
improve with new features and performance improvements coming in every
release. CiviCRM’s developer community is accessible and responsive,
going beyond the normal call of duty to help when needed. I would
happily recommend CiviCRM to organizations like Creative Commons looking
for a CRM solution."

CiviCRM core team member Piotr Szotkowski noted that despite the
project’s maturity, there is still rewarding work to be done: "We could
definitely use more helping hands. Being able to work on CiviCRM gives a
lot of non-direct benefits, like the very warm and fuzzy feelings of
great satisfaction and fulfillment: knowing that one’s code was used to
help the Katrina hurricane victims, that it helps organizations like
Amnesty International or Front Line fight for human rights defenders, or
that it helps organizations like the Wikimedia Foundation better
organize their great work on Wikipedia and all their other projects."

Further information about downloading, using, and contributing to
CiviCRM can be found at http://civicrm.org. An ongoing discussion of
comparisons between free software database options is on the FSF’s
LibrePlanet wiki at
http://groups.fsf.org/wiki/Donor_Transaction_and_Contact_System.

For a description of the dangers in relying on "software as a service,"
see "Who does that server really serve?".

About the Free Software Foundation

The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting
computer users’ right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute
computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as
in freedom) software — particularly the GNU operating system and its
GNU/Linux variants — and free documentation for free software. The FSF
also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of
freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at fsf.org
and gnu.org, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux.
Donations to support the FSF’s work can be made at
http://donate.fsf.org. Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.

About Free Software and Open Source

The free software movement’s goal is freedom for computer users. Some,
especially corporations, advocate a different viewpoint, known as "open
source," which cites only practical goals such as making software
powerful and reliable, focuses on development models, and avoids
discussion of ethics and freedom. These two viewpoints are different at
the deepest level. For more explanation, see
http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/open-source-misses-the-point.html.

Media Contacts

John Sullivan
Operations Manager
Free Software Foundation
+1 (617) 542 5942
campaigns

###

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Free Software Award Winners Announced: John Gilmore and the Internet Archive

The most important free software awards, and here they are 🙂 FFM

From: Peter Brown <info>

Date: 2010/3/25
Subject: [FSF] Free Software Award Winners Announced: John Gilmore and the Internet Archive

You can see photographs of the award winners at: http://www.fsf.org/news/2009-free-software-awards

BOSTON, Massachusetts, USA — March 23, 2010 — The Free Software Foundation (FSF) announced the winners of the annual free software awards at a ceremony on Saturday March 20, held during the LibrePlanet conference at Harvard Science Center in Cambridge, MA.

The award for the Advancement of Free Software was won by John Gilmore. The award for Project of Social Benefit was won by the Internet Archive. The awards were presented by FSF president and founder Richard M. Stallman.

Brewster Kahle co-founder and chairman of the Internet Archive was at the ceremony to collect the award and spoke about the work of his organization, "We are trying to follow in the footsteps of the free software movement and apply these ideas to the cultural materials layer, building organizations that are founded on these principals."

John Gilmore who had earlier given a presentation at the conference on the future goals of the free software movement, said on receiving the award, "Free software has been very good to me, and I’m glad that I have been good to it." The awards committee recognized Gilmore’s many contributions and long term commitment to the free software movement.

The award citation for John Gilmore read:

As one of the founders of Cygnus Solutions, Gilmore gave free software a place in the business world long before GNU/Linux became popular. He is a well-known free software and freedom activist. He is a co-founder of the EFF, the alt newsgroup, and a major promoter of cryptography. He has written or contributed to free software including the projects pdtar (which became GNU Tar), GNU UUCP, GNU GDB and Kerberos. John has also promoted free software through his philanthropy, funding many free software projects including, GNU Radio and GNU Gnash and he remains active in advancing the cause of computer user freedom.

John Gilmore joins a distinguished list of previous winners:

* 2008 Wietse Venema
* 2007 Harald Welte
* 2006 Ted Ts’o
* 2005 Andrew Tridgell
* 2004 Theo de Raadt
* 2003 Alan Cox
* 2002 Lawrence Lessig
* 2001 Guido van Rossum
* 2000 Brian Paul
* 1999 Miguel de Icaza
* 1998 Larry Wall

The Award for Projects of Social Benefit is presented annually to a team or organization that applies free software, or the ideas of the free software movement, in a way that significantly benefits society. The award citation for the Internet Archive read:

The Internet Archive is a non-profit founded to build a free and open Internet library. They provide 1.8 million free public domain and out of print books in collaboration with libraries all over the world. They have collected more than 500,000 audio items, including over 70,000 live concert recordings made freely available in lossless formats by thousands of volunteers with the permission of the artists. More than 200,000 video items are freely downloadable in a variety of formats, including the free software video format Ogg Theora. They have been archiving the Web at large since 1996, making over 150 billion copies of web pages available to the public through the Wayback Machine. The Internet Archive has written free software of their own, including Heretrix, their web crawler (crawler.archive.org), and a free software version of the Wayback Machine software, in addition to contributing patches to many other free software projects <http://www.archive.org>.

Previos winners of the social benefit award:

* 2008 Creative Commons
* 2007 Groklaw
* 2006 Sahana Disaster Management System
* 2005 Wikipedia

This year’s award committee was chaired by Suresh Ramasubramanian and included Peter H. Salus, Wietse Venema, Lawrence Lessig, Raj Mathur, Hong Feng, Andrew Tridgell, Jonas Oberg, Verner Vinge, Richard Stallman, Fernanda G. Weiden and Harald Welte.

About the Free Software Foundation

The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting computer users’ right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as in freedom) software — particularly the GNU operating system and its GNU/Linux variants — and free documentation for free software. The FSF also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at fsf.org and gnu.org, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux. Donations to support the FSF’s work can be made at http://donate.fsf.org. Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.

Media Contacts

Peter Brown
Free Software Foundation
+1 (617) 542 5942
campaigns

info-fsf mailing list
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System76 Partners with Kids On Computers

Very good effort from System76. Let’s support such projects by buying from companies like System76. Moreover, there are very few companies that sell a GNU/Linux distribution preinstalled with their systems, and System76 is one of them. After all, who would want to buy a computer with Windows? Nonsense! Jeez! FFM

From: <system76>
Date: 2010/3/23
Subject: System76 Partners with Kids On Computers

System76 Partners with Kids On Computers

System76 and Kids On Computers have partnered to bring computers and open source software to disadvantaged children. Kids On Computers, a non-profit organization, deploys Ubuntu based computer labs in schools and communities around the world. The organization’s first school in Huajuapan de Leon, Mexico, was a resounding success. They now have a dedicated computer teacher and are expecting Internet access very soon. The school went from being one of the poorest schools in town to being the school where all parents want their kids to go!

System76 now offers a "Donate Your Old Computer" option on each product page. By choosing the "Donate Your Old Computer" option, System76 emails you a mailing label to ship your old computer to Kids On Computers. There is a $10 cost which covers a portion of the shipping. System76 covers the remaining shipping cost. Your old computer is tax deductible, and Kids on Computers will provide a donation receipt.

Learn more about the program at http://www.system76.com/recycle

Fan of System76? Join us on Facebook.

http://www.facebook.com/system76

Also, follow System76 on twitter or identi.ca.

http://twitter.com/system76
http://identi.ca/system76

About System76

System76 provides and supports Ubuntu pre-installed laptops, desktops, and servers with a commitment to the ideals of open source software. Our aim is to enable consumers, businesses, schools, and governments to easily transition to the world of open source software through world class hardware, software, and support.

Conferencia: Introducción al Software Libre

por Fís. Fermín Franco

Primera plática del ciclo de conferencias del Grupo de Usuarios GNU/Linux de Ensenada.

Logo del ELUG

Logo del ELUG

Se regalará software libre profesional para Windows y/o sistema operativo Ubuntu GNU/Linux a los primeros asistentes.

Plática introductoria sobre el software libre: Ventajas técnicas y éticas del software libre. Desarrollo tecnológico autónomo de la comunidad con software libre. Cómo ayuda el software libre a reducir costos en las empresas/gobierno. Acabar con la piratería. Software y conocimiento de tod@s y para tod@s. Por qué tod@s deberíamos usar software libre. Por qué Windows/Mac no. Lista de software libre profesional y sustituciones de software privativo. Cómo migrar a software libre.

Lugar: CANACINTRA Ensenada, Av. Miguel Alemán, Col. Moderna, entre TBC y cerro de Chapultepec (ver mapa anexo)
Fecha y hora: viernes 19 de junio 4pm

Organiza: Grupo de Usuarios GNU/Linux de Ensenada (ELUG)
Más información: ferminfm@gmail.com, http://elug.ciberlinux.net

Difunde la información, reenvía a tus contactos que puedan estar interesados y ayuda a crecer a una comunidad tecnológica ensenadense LIBRE y autónoma. El software libre es de tod@s y para tod@s.